Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.
Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
36 sq km
land 36 sq km
water 0 sq km
subtropical; mild, little seasonal temperature variation
volcanic island with mostly rolling plains
population concentrated around the capital of Kingston
Australian 22.8 %
English 22.4 %
Pitcairn 20 %
Scottish 6 %
Irish 5.2 %
also known as Norfuk or Norf'k, which is a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian
Protestant 46.8 %
Roman Catholic 12.6 %
other Christian 2.9 %
other 1.4 %
none 26.7 %
unspecified 9.5 %
non-self-governing overseas territory of Australia; note - the Norfolk Island Regional Council, which began operations 1 July 2016, is responsible for planning and managing a variety of public services, including those funded by the Government of Australia
English common law and the laws of Australia
age of suffrage
three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band; green stands for the rich vegetation on the island, and the pine tree - endemic to the island - is a symbol of Norfolk Island
Come Ye Blessed
Norfolk Island is suffering from a severe economic downturn. Tourism, the primary economic activity, is the main driver of economic growth. The agricultural sector has become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.
Norfolk Island pine seed
Kentia palm seed
1 local radio station; broadcasts of several Australian radio and TV stations available via satellite (2009)
% of population
This entry doesn't have any available energy data.
This entry doesn't have any available military data.